Category Archives: grammar notes

A review of Nolan

My book review of Gerald Nolan’s Studies in Modern Irish Part 1 is now completeand can be read here. Advertisements

Posted in Contents, grammar notes | Leave a comment

Notes on Nolan (the Relative Clause)

THE RELATIVE CLAUSE Below are listed the many instances where a direct relative is used where an indirect relative would be more logical: A. Temporal Clauses. Direct relative particle a is used in temporal clauses where the indirect relative would … Continue reading

Posted in Contents, grammar notes | Leave a comment

Notes on Nolan 10

h) Proleptic de can be used to stand for whole clauses: Níor mhiste deimhin a dhéanamh de go ndéanfaidís Gaeil Alban do dhísciú, where de tees up the subsequent go-clause. Another example: ná dein iúnadh dhe go nduart leat: ní … Continue reading

Posted in grammar notes | Leave a comment

Should Vocatives Decline?

Whether vocatives should decline or not is a constantly raised question. It seems most vocatives don’t decline, as “metaphorical” nouns do not take a morphological vocative. Let’s look at vocatives under a number of categories. 1. Collective nouns do not … Continue reading

Posted in Contents, grammar notes | Leave a comment

Notes on Nolan 9

Chapter 2 – prolepsis Prolepsis is the anticipation of what comes later in the sentence and is a significant feature of Irish grammar. Words than can be used proleptically include: a) pronouns é, í, iad, ea. For example, the use … Continue reading

Posted in grammar notes | Leave a comment

Understanding the Copula

Understanding the Copula The copula is one of the most awkward areas of Irish syntax to master. This is not helped by the fact that the promoters of an artificial ‘Standard Irish’ have muddied the waters with a confused explanation … Continue reading

Posted in Contents, grammar notes | 1 Comment

Notes on Nolan 8

Questions like an é Tomás Ó Ceallaigh do bhí ann? follow the ordinary syntax of the copula. However, what? and who? questions form a general exception to the syntax of the copula. This is because there is no real predication: the … Continue reading

Posted in grammar notes | Leave a comment

Notes on Nolan 7

p41 Nolan points out that copulas of identification an classification often come together: deir cuid acu gurb é Ieremias é nú duine de sna fáidhibh. The reason why names are often indefinite in copula sentences is because Pádraigjust means a person bearing … Continue reading

Posted in grammar notes | Leave a comment

Notes on Nolan 6

p29 Identification copulas, Type IV, PVpS: these have the predicate brought forward for emphasis or rhetorical effect. In this case, the temporary predicate pronoun is retrospective rather than anticipatory. Tosach an uilc is é is usa do chosc. Another example … Continue reading

Posted in grammar notes | Leave a comment

Notes on Nolan 5

p27 Identification Type III, VpSP: this differs from Type II (where the subject contains an expressed or implied relative clause or genitive that can be resolved into one) by having  a definite noun as the subject, possibly with a demonstrative … Continue reading

Posted in grammar notes | Leave a comment