PUL does not use the verb coinneáilt, and prefers cimeád in the meaning of “to keep”. However, coinneáilt is used by Amhlaoibh Ó Loíngsigh, Dónall Bán Ó Céileachair and Diarmuid Ua Laoghaire (second cousin of PUL). It seems the rule in Muskerry Irish about preferring not to use the tense slender n (N’, or /ŋ’/) after a preceding guttural consonant applies hapharzardly with this verb. As far as I can find out this rule applies more often when the syllable after the slender n takes the stress, but in fact most forms of coinneáilt show this rule can be applied, from a brief perusal of Scéalaíocht Amhlaoibh and Seanachas Amhlaoibh.

These forms may be demonstrated:

1. Present: coiním or coinním, coiníonn sé or coinníonn sé (either lax or tense slender n)

2. Past: do choinibh sé or do choinnibh sé – both lax and tense slender n are found. The other personal forms, eg do choinníos or do choiníos are not attested in those works (both of these works were edited in a semi-phonetic manner and if these words had appeared the pronunciation would have been shown).

3. Future: coineóidh sé – only a lax slender n is found (/ki’nʹoː/). There are no examples of coinneóidh sé.

4. Conditional: no forms are found. Presumably these are like the future and are: do choineódh sé.

5. Past habitual: both do choiníodh sé and do choinníodh sé are found (both tense and lax slender n are possible).

6. Imperative: coinibh and coinnibh are both found: /kinʹivʹ~kiŋʹivʹ/. [Note: it is not coinnigh].

7. No subjunctive forms have been found, but these can be guessed from the present and the past habitual.

8. Verbal noun: coinneáilt is the only form attested, with a tense slender n throughout those works: /ki’ŋʹaːlʹh/.

9. Participle: coinithe and coinnithe are both attested: /kinʹihi~kiŋʹihi/.

The reluctance to use “ng” after a k or a g also applies to ‘na choinnibh, which is not related to this verb, but which is found as both ‘na choinibh and ‘na choinnibh.


About dj1969

at the conservative end of the libertarian spectrum
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