Catilína 1

Cúntas ar Chogadh Chatilína ó Chaius Salustius Crispus.

I.

Gach treabhchas daoine lenar mian iad féin a bheith os ciúnn na n-ainmhithe eile ní foláir dóibh dícheall a dhéanamh ar gan a saol do chaitheamh i ndíth úrlabhra mar a chaithid na beithígh do cumadh ar cromadh agus gan uathu ach a mbolg do shásamh. Ní mar sin dúinne. Tá dhá shaghas nirt ionainn, neart aigne agus neart cuirp. Neart aigne chun stiúraithe; neart cuirp chun oibre. Neart aigne mar aon le déithibh; neart cuirp mar aon leis an mbeithíoch.

Uime sin is cirte, dar liomsa, clú do lorg a neart na haigne ná a neart an chuirp, agus, ós ní nách buan beatha an chuirp, ár gclú ’ dhéanamh chómh buan agus is féidir é. Clú neambuan, gan ghus, a gheibhtear a saibhreas nú a háilleacht cuirp. Clú marthanach a gheibhtear a háilleacht aigne agus a neart aigne.

Ach is fada á phlé idir dhaoinibh é ceoca le neart cuirp nú le neart aigne is mó a curtar gnóthaí cogaidh chun cínn. Óir sara dtosnaítear ní foláir cómhairle. Ansan, tar éis na cómhairle, ní foláir an gníomh go tapaidh. Mar sin, a láimh a chéile a dh’oibríd siad araon.

Foclóirín

a: “from”, or as in the CO.

a láimh a chéile: “in collusion, working together, by joint operation”, ie. as láimh a chéile. Note this is also found as a lámhaibh a chéile, the pronunciation of which is identical.

ar cromadh: “bending, crouching”.

gus: “energy, vigour”. Clú gan ghus, “a fading fame without staying power”.

i ndíth úrlabhra: the English version of Catilina says “in obscurity”; it seems the point being made here is “with no reflection on life, with no mental achievement or investment in life, with no discussion, debate on it”.

marthanach: “lasting, enduring”.

neambuan: “fleeting, transient”, or neamhbhuan in the CO. Pronounced /nʹa’muən/.

tapaidh: “quick”, or tapa in the CO. Pronounced /tɑpigʹ/.

 

 

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